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Energy consumption

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Fossil energy primary consumption

With regard to primary fossil energy consumption, the Pluriannual Energy Programming (PPE), sets a reduction target of 1149 TWh for 2023 and 942 TWh for 2028. This target is broken down into sub-targets by energy vector. For 2023, the primary consumption of coal should not exceed 48 TWh. The target for oil is 700 TWh and for gas 401 TWh. In 2028, the consumption of these energy carriers must not exceed 28 TWh, 569 TWh and 345 TWh respectively. The PPE also provides for specific targets for each sector. For 2023 (resp. 2028), the final energy consumption of the building sector (residential and tertiary) must not exceed 712 TWh (resp. 636 TWh). For the transport, industry and agriculture-fisheries sectors, the final energy consumption must not exceed 473 TWh (resp. 427 TWh), 291 TWh (resp. 269) and 49 TWh (resp. 46 TWh) respectively.

In addition, the Energy-Climate Law, adopted in November 2019, provides for a 40% reduction in 2030 compared to the 2012 level.

According to the 2021 edition of the Key energy figures published by the statistical data and studies from the French Ministry of Ecological Transition, fossil primary energy consumption in 2020 was 1243 TWh, of which 66.7 TWh was coal, 729.7 TWh oil and 446.7 TWh gas. The total consumption for the year 2020 is therefore lower than the level that would be induced by a linear reduction of the fossil primary energy consumption until the target year 2023. However, this result should be interpreted with caution in view of the particular situation caused by the Covid-19 pandemic in that year.

Final energy consumption

The Pluriannual Energy Programming (PPE), the latest version of which was adopted in April 2020, sets a target for reducing final energy consumption for several time frames, namely 2023 and 2028. More specifically, all sectors combined, final energy consumption in 2023 (resp. 2028) must not exceed 1525 TWh (resp. 1378 TWh), which represents a decrease of 7.6% compared to 2012 (resp. 16.5%).

In addition, the Energy Transition Law for Green Growth (LTECV), adopted in August 2015, provides for a reduction of 20% in 2030 and 50% in 2050 compared to 2012 levels.

According to the 2021 edition of the Key energy figures published by the statistical data and studies from the French Ministry of Ecological Transition, final energy consumption amounted to 1562 TWh in 2020. This is below the target of 1583 TWh for that year ensuring, on the basis of a linear reduction, that the 2023 target is met. However, this conclusion should be taken with caution as the year 2020 has seen a sharp decline in economic activity due to the Covid-19 pandemic. To stay on track, final energy consumption should not exceed 1564 TWh in 2021, again assuming a linear reduction path to 2023.


Last update: 2022-08-30